Need to Know About Personality Disorders

  • 10 Nov 2022
  • General

Personality disorders occur in different types and with different symptoms. If left untreated, they can progress and negatively affect life. For this reason, it is very important for the person to know himself and to consult a doctor when he feels any problem.

What are Personality Disorders?

Personality disorders are a type of mental disorder in which a person has an unhealthy way of thinking and behaving. Also known as borderline.

What Causes Personality Disorders?

The main conditions that cause personality disorder are as follows:

  • Differences in brain chemistry and structure
  • Childhood abuse
  • Death of a highly valued person
  • Family history of personality disorder or other mental illness
  • Unstable or traumatic family life

What Are the Symptoms of Personality Disorder?

Symptoms vary depending on the type of personality disorder you have. However, the general symptoms are as follows:

  • Having rapidly changing extreme feelings about family, friends, and people in the social environment
  • Don't overdo your sense of self
  • Sudden and intense mood swings
  • Acting under the influence of impulses, such as substance use
  • Getting close to someone too quickly or suddenly breaking off contact with someone they are close for no reason
  • Do not hurt yourself
  • Suicidal ideation or attempt
  • Do not fall into undue skepticism about other people
  • Careless and fast driving
  • Disruption in sense of self
  • Excessive and unnecessary spending
  • Exaggerated sexual behavior
  • Having problems with anger management
  • feeling of emptiness

What Are the Types of Personality Disorders?

Personality disorders are divided into groups within themselves. The types are as follows:

Eccentric Personality Disorders

  • Paranoid: These people have constant distrust and suspicion of others.
  • Schizoid: People in this group stay away from people and are indifferent to social relations.
  • Schizotypal: People with schizotypal personality disorder have strange beliefs. They are also often superstitious.


  • Antisocial: People with this disorder are called "sociopaths" or "psychopaths."
  • Borderline: Described by unstable moods, poor self-image, chaotic relationships, and impulsive behavior.
  • Histrionic: People with this disorder often behave very dramatic, childish, and overly emotional.
  • Narcissistic: This disorder is characterized by an exaggerated sense of superiority, achievement, and power.


  • Shy: These people tend to avoid social contact.
  • Dependent: In dependent personality disorder, feelings such as helplessness, submission and inability to make decisions are dominant.
  • Obsessive Compulsive: This disorder is characterized by a fear of making mistakes, perfectionism, control, and order.

What are Personality Disorder Risk Factors?

The cause of personality disorders is not fully understood. However, it is defined as a genetic risk factor. The risk is much higher in people with a personality disorder, especially in a first-degree relative.

Treatments and Therapies

Commonly used psychotherapy treatments are as follows:

  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
  • Group Therapy
  • Psychoanalytic Therapy
  • Psychodynamic Therapy
  • Psychoeducation
  • Transfer Focused Therapy
  • Dialectical Behavior Therapy

When Should I Talk to My Doctor?

If you have some of the symptoms of personality disorders or think you have a personality disorder, you should consult your doctor immediately.


7 What is Personality Disorder?

7 personality disorders are as follows:

  1. Paranoiac
  2. Schizoid
  3. Schizotypal
  4. Antisocial
  5. At the border
  6. Histrionic
  7. Narcissistic

How Serious are Personality Disorders?

Personality disorders are mental disorders that are serious and affect life negatively. Therefore, it should be treated before it progresses.

Is Anxiety a Personality Disorder?

Anxiety often seems to be part of your personality. However, it is not defined as a personality disorder.

What is the Most Common Personality Disorder?

The most common type of personality disorder is obsessive compulsive personality disorder.

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