What are the Common Psychological Disorders in Adults?

  • 01 Jan 2023
  • General

Psychological disorders are examined in two parts as psycho-pathological functioning and abnormal functioning. Psycho-pathological functioning emerges as emotional disruptions that lead the person to sadness or prevent the person from doing the actions, he/she wants to do in his/her life. The field that studies the nature of moods and behaviors is defined as abnormal psychology. Maintaining mental health is very valuable. However, in some cases this is not possible.

Psychological Disorders Commonly Seen in Adults

Psychological disorders can affect people of all ages. Disorders that are frequently encountered in adults are as follows:


One of the most common mood disorders is major depressive disorder. depression or major depressive disorder; It leads to hopelessness, reluctance and not being able to enjoy life in individuals. Therefore, every time you feel unhappy, it does not mean that you are depressed.

Symptom of depression are as follows:

  • Pessimistic attitudes
  • Intense aversion to events
  • Problems with focusing
  • Feeling restless and angry


Generalized anxiety or anxiety is a state of severe and persistent worry. These people become anxious when a situation occurs and the worst will happen. They have very low tolerance for uncertainty. They exhibit shy behaviors in communicating due to their lack of trust.

There are many psychiatric disorders under the name of anxiety disorders, which are among the psychological disorders. But at the heart of all anxiety disorders is anxiety. .

Anxiety symptoms are as follows:

  • Shaking hands, sweating, rapid heartbeat
  • Concerns pervading daily life
  • Feeling stressed and tense
  • Desire to escape from the uncomfortable situation

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

It is an anxiety disorder that deals with obsessive thoughts of people and compulsive behaviors that arise as a result of these thoughts. The person tends to protect himself and his loved ones against possible bad events. This symptom is more applicable to obsessions.

Compulsions are defined as repetitive behaviors that people think they have to do. It is thought that these repetitive behaviors are done to reduce anxiety about obsessions.

Obsession symptoms are as follows:

  • Fear of losing control
  • Doubt about situations and people
  • Afraid of making mistakes
  • Having aggressive and fearful thoughts about harming oneself or others
  • Fear of contamination or dirt

Symptoms of compulsions are as follows:

  • Don't go overboard with order
  • Don't try to control everything
  • Excessive washing and cleaning action

Eating Disorders

It is a disorder that arises from the emotional states of individuals and is characterized by overeating or malnutrition. Body perception in society is among the main reasons that lead people to this situation.

Eating disorders, which are frequently encountered among psychological disorders; includes anorexia nervosa, bulimia, and binge eating disorder described in recent years. These diseases are of psychological origin. However, physical symptoms are prominent.

Eating disorder symptoms include:

  • Fluctuations in weight
  • Being obsessed with weight
  • Decreased perception
  • Giving too much importance to physical appearance
  • Feeling sad or anxious after eating food
  • High level of exercise
  • Being depressed about events
  • Meticulous calorie calculation of the foods to be consumed
  • Frequent weight control and body measurement

Bipolar Disorder

It is also known as manic-depressive disorder. Sudden fluctuations in one's emotions. There are very sharp and sudden changes in mood.

Bipolar disorder, which are among the most common psychological disorders in adults, are as follows:

  • Having trouble making decisions
  • Sudden onset of mood
  • Hopeless and pessimistic mood

How are Psychological Illnesses Treated?

Different therapy methods are used in the treatment of psychological disorders. These are called therapeutic ingredients. Therapeutic ingredients have 4 important purposes. These purposes are as follows:

  • First, what is wrong must be decided, the diagnosis must be made, and the classification must be made.
  • An examination should be made of the possible causes of the disease, as well as how the symptoms are acting.
  • A decision should be made as to whether or not to apply treatment.
  • Care should be taken to ensure that the treatment to be applied is of the type that will minimize the disease.

Psychological disorders are usually treated with psychotherapy and medication. In some cases, psychotherapy alone is sufficient. However, in some cases, medication is required in addition to psychotherapy. This is a completely personal situation.

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