Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

  • 28 Sep 2022
  • General

Most people who experience traumatic events have difficulty temporarily adjusting and coping with the trauma. But they usually get better with time and with good self-care. However, if symptoms worsen and interfere with your daily functioning, you may be suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

What is PTSD?

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental health problem triggered by a traumatic event. Symptoms may include flashbacks, nightmares, and severe anxiety as well as uncontrollable thoughts about the event. In such a situation, it is best to seek support as soon as possible.

What are the Diagnosis and Symptoms of PTSD?

The diagnosis of PTSD can easily be made by a specialist. Symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder are as follows:

  • Having nightmares
  • Disturbing frequent recollection of memories of the event
  • Persistent fear of repeating the event and therefore feeling on edge
  • Insomnia
  • Being restless in situations that remind of the event and thus avoiding these situations
  • Get angry quickly
  • Inability to plan for the future
  • Easy startle
  • Estrangement

Causes and Risk Factors of PTSD?

PTSD is caused by a traumatic event. However, not everyone who experiences a traumatic event develops post-traumatic stress disorder.

Traumatic events that carry a risk of PTSD include:

  • Rape
  • Beating
  • Unexpected death of loved one
  • Illness that threatens your child's life
  • Witnessing death/injury
  • Natural disasters

complications of PTSD

What Are the Possible Complications of PTSD?

PTSD are as follows:

Reliving (Remembering)

is common for a traumatized person to revisit memories of the event. Images and sounds related to the event can be revived in the mind even though it is not wanted to be thought about or there is no situation to be remembered. This situation is usually very disturbing to the person.


The individual tries to stay away from places and situations, conversations and even feelings and thoughts that remind the event that caused the trauma as much as possible. Because remembering the event causes great distress, pain and fear in the person. For this reason, he does not go to places that remind of the event, does not talk about the event or stays away from the places where it is spoken.


People affected by mental trauma may feel on their toes and constantly on the alert. They may think that the event that caused the trauma will happen again at any moment, and they may take exaggerated measures about the dangers.

Unexpected situations such as door slamming, loud talking, someone entering the room suddenly;

  • Palpitation,
  • Sweating,
  • Shaking,
  • Shortness of breath,
  • It may cause splashing.

When Should I Talk to My Doctor About PTSD?

PTSD after trauma and it gets worse over time, you should talk to your doctor right away.


What Are the 5 Symptoms of PTSD?

The 5 main symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder are as follows:

  1. Insomnia
  2. having nightmares
  3. Uncomfortably frequent recollection of memories of the event
  4. Constantly fearing that the event will happen again and therefore feeling on edge
  5. easy startle

What Is PTSD Like Mentally?

Post-traumatic stress disorder causes the following mental reactions:

  • Fear of repeating the event
  • Fear of getting hurt and dying
  • Sadness
  • don't blame yourself
  • Fear of being separated from family or being alone
  • Anger and restlessness
  • feeling of not being understood
  • Despair
  • Tension
  • Irritability
  • Dissociation (dissociation)
  • Depression

Is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder a Disability?

Post-traumatic stress disorder is considered a (mental) disability if the symptoms are severe enough to interfere with work.

Is PTSD a Serious Mental Illness?

This may vary depending on the severity of the disease. If there are serious thoughts such as suicidal thoughts, PTSD appears as a serious illness.

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